Timeline of Earth History

Last updated


Detailed below is my attempt at creating a history of the Earth, collated with notes and snippets from various different places.

Common era
2016 AD UK votes to leave the European Union
1973 AD UK joins the European Common Market
1947 AD Partition of India
1939-1945 AD Second World War
1914-1918 AD First World War
1776 AD American Declaration of Independence
1707 AD Parliaments of England and Scotland united
1603 AD Crowns of England and Scotland united
1492 AD Columbus in the New World
1428 AD Founding of Aztec Empire
1000-1100 AD Founding of Great Zimbabwe in Africa
1066 AD Battle of Hastings and the Norman Conquest
793 AD Vikings attack Lindisfarne, England
597 AD St. Augustine's Christian mission to England
570 AD Birth of Muhammad
563 AD St. Columba's Christian mission to Scotland
476 AD Fall of the Roman Empire in the west
410 AD Sack of Rome and beginning of Roman withdrawal from Britain
324 AD Byzantium becomes new capital of Roman Empire
43 AD Roman conquest of Britannia
Birth of Christ
30 BC Death of Cleopatra in Alexandria, Egypt
44 BC Assassination of Julius Caesar
259 BC Birth of Qin Shi Huang, first emperor of a unified China
323 BC Death of Alexander the Great
500-300 BC Classical Greece
509-27 BC Roman Republic
551 BC Birth of Confucius in China
563 BC (Estimated) Birth of Buddha in India
753 BC Founding of City of Rome
970 BC Solomon succeeds David as King of Israel
1200 BC Rise of Ancient Greece
1342 BC Birth of Tutankhamun in Egypt
2600-2500 BC Fourth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt: the pyramid-building age
2850-2200 BC Building of Avebury Stone Circle
3200 BC Ness of Brodgar on Orkney, Newgrange and Knowth in Ireland
4000-1900 BC Sumerian civilisation in Mesopotamia (Assyrians, Akkadians, and Babylonians)
4000 BC Horses domesticated on Eurasian steppes
5500 BC Copper smelting in Europe
9000 BC Permanent settlement at Jericho
9000 BC Construction of ritual centre at Göbekli Tepe in Turkey
9000 BC Advent of farming in Near East
12,000 years ago End of last ice age in Europe and extinction of the mammoth
16,000 years ago Homo sapiens in the Americas
25,000-15,000 years ago Last ice age at maximum extent in Europe
34,000 years ago Earliest Homo sapiens in British Isles, Paviland, South Wales
60,000 years ago Homo sapiens in Australia
80,000 years ago Homo sapiens migrate out of Africa into Europe and Asia
300,000 years ago Homo neanderthalensis in Europe
500,000 years ago Homo heidelbergensis in West Sussex, England
950,000 years ago Homo antecessor in Norfolk, England
2 million years ago Homo erectus in Africa
3.7 million years ago Australopithecus afarensis in Africa